How does certainty evolve in group decisions?

In group decisions by consensus, being more certain does not imply making a better decision. In social psychology, certainty is the degree to which a person is sure that the decision made is correct (accurate). For a while, people thought that group decisions increase decision accuracy, but recent research showed that only the certainty of the decision increases under these circumstances (Punchochar and Fox, 2004). Researchers also thought that under certain conditions, group discussions may lead to an increase in knowledge connected to the decision task, but Fidler and Kareev (2006) proposed an experiment in which an increase in the quantity of information made participants more uncertain. In their experiment, a smaller sample of information lead to an increase in the accuracy of decisions. Their observation was explained by the fact that smaller samples can have a wider variation. read more

Demand and supply of social economy – two development regions of Romania, Simona Maria Stănescu, Sorin Cace, Filip Alexandrescu (editors), Vlad Achimescu, Ionuț Ardeleanu, Daniel Arpinte, Florin Botonogu, Cosmin Briciu, Gabriela Dima, Simona Ilie, Flavius Mihalache, Gabriela Neagu, Ramona Pavel, Ana Maria Preoteasa, Mihnea Preotesi, Iulian Stănescu, Gabriel Stănilă, Ștefan Corneliu Ștefănescu, Cristina Tomescu, Laura Tufă, Bucharest, Pro Universitaria, 2013, 398 pages

The book presents the results of a research conducted by Research Institute for Quality of Life, Romanian Academy, part of the “Integrat – Resources for the socially excluded women and Roma groups” project, which was co-financed by the European Social Fund (EFS) through the Sectorial Operational Program Human Resource Development 2007-2013. The main goal was to stimulate social inclusion especially for women and Roma groups in the Bucharest-Ilfov and South-East development regions

The Turkish Community in Bucharest. A Sociological Overview

Romania is a country with a net emigration rate.This does not mean that immigration does not take place in Romania. This study is one of the few on this issue. Why choose the Turkish migrants as a research topic? There were several reasons for this choice. Firs of all, Romania and Turkey have a relationship with a history going back more than half a millennium.

Is “Bologna” the new “Guernica” of education?

The `Bologna system` was initially designed as a large scale process intended to modernize and integrate the various national educational systems, thus contributing to the homogeneity of European Union‘s enlargement mechanisms and socio-cultural outcomes. Nevertheless, behind the glamorous words, the manner in which it is orchestrated and implemented on national or regional coordinates became a subject of criticism by the use of the `efficiency-driven` label in the way that the math accounting technique appears to be the final point of view. Is Bologna part of a European `McDonaldization process`? Thus, the relation between accountant type efficiency and the substantial rationality (the Weberian localized social logic and values) will be reflected in one of our topics. The segmentation of the higher education process under the name of the `Bologna reform` seems to balk both the organic phases regarding the student‘s personality maturation and the burden of early entering in life‘s working stage during the BA or MA studies. In these circumstances, education is transformed into an industrial process that leads to a fragmentation of the apprenticeship-professor bond during the educational years.

Seven stages of turbulent social history of the Romanian sociology

The authors propose a daring journey into the previously shaded past of Romanian sociology after 1944, based on an ambitious program supported by the Institute for Quality of Life Research and the Romanian Association of Sociologists, set off in 2006, called Romanian Sociological Publishing after 1944. In this paper, we identify six historical stages in the Romanian sociology’s development and also focus on its survival during communism and its evolution after communism. Each stage is presented in its historical context, and a prediction for the future of Romanian sociology is made at the end.